Nelson Mandela Biography || Top 10 Facts About Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela Biography || Top 10 Facts About Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela Biography [Nelson Mandela Biography ] | See Nelson Mandela Biography: Childhood, Education, Work, Anti-Apartheid Movement, Presidency, Awards and Honors, and much more.

Nelson Mandela Biography

Nelson Mandela International Day, also known as Mandela Day, is observed on 18 July to remember the anti-apartheid activist who served as the first President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. Learn more about Nelson Mandela’s early life, education, work. , presidency, retirement, awards and honors, and so on.

Nelson Mandela Biography 10 facts

पूरा नाम: नेल्सन रोलिहलाहला मंडेला
उपनाम: मदीबा
जन्म: 18 जुलाई, 1918 को दक्षिण अफ्रीका के मवेज़ो में
मृत्यु: 5 दिसंबर, 2013 को जोहान्सबर्ग, दक्षिण अफ्रीका में
कार्यालय: दक्षिण अफ्रीका के राष्ट्रपति (1994-1999)
राजनीतिक संबद्धता: अफ्रीकी राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस उमखोंटो वी सिज़वे
पुरस्कार और सम्मान: नोबेल पुरस्कार (1993)

Nelson Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid activist who served as the first President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. Nelson Mandela’s government in South Africa focused on erasing the legacy of apartheid through racial reconciliation. Mandela was the president of the African National Congress party from 1991 to 1997. He was an African nationalist and socialist.

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Through a resolution in the General Assembly in 2009, the United Nations officially declared 18 July as Nelson Mandela International Day. The day honors Nelson Mandela’s life and work through volunteerism and community service.

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela’s full name. He was a black nationalist and the first black president of South Africa. He and de Klerk were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.

In the early 1990s, his talks with South African President F.W. de Klerk helped end the apartheid system of racial segregation in the country and heralded a peaceful transition to majority rule.

About Mandela Day, also known as Nelson Mandela International Day

Every year on 18 July, Nelson Mandela International Day commemorates the role of the South African icon in negotiating the end of apartheid. In 1918, South Africa’s first black and democratically elected president was born in Transkei, South Africa.

The United Nations officially declared 18 July as Nelson Mandela International Day in 2009, and the day was first observed on that date in 2010.

Nelson Mandela Biography || Top 10 Facts About Nelson Mandela

This day is celebrated on the birthday of Nelson Mandela. It was founded to honor his legacy by promoting global community service. It was first celebrated on 18 July 2009, and was primarily sponsored by the Nelson Mandela Foundation and the 46664 Initiative.

Later that year, the United Nations declared the day to be Nelson Mandela International Day, which would be celebrated every year.

Nelson Mandela’s Early Life and Work

He was born on 18 July 1918 in the village of Mwejo in Umtata, Cape Province, South Africa. He was the son of Henry Mandela, the chief of the Xhosa language Tembu clan.

After the death of his father, he was raised by Tembu Regent Jongintaba. He gave up his claim to Sardari to become a lawyer.

He attended South African Native College (later Fort Hare University). He studied law at the University of the Witwatersrand and later passed the lawyer qualifying examination.

In 1944, he joined the African National Congress (ANC), a black liberation organization. He rose through the ranks of the organization’s youth league. He married Evelyn Noko Messe in the same year.

He was given another leadership position in the ANC, where he helped revive the organization and oppose the apartheid policies of the ruling National Party.

In 1952, he co-founded South Africa’s first black law practice with ANC leader Oliver Tambo, specializing in cases arising out of post-apartheid law in 1948.

In the same year, he was instrumental in launching a defiance campaign against the laws near South Africa. It requires non-white people to carry documents known as passes that authorize their presence in areas considered “restricted” by the government and reserved primarily for the white population.

He traveled around the country, trying to rally in support of nonviolent protests against discriminatory laws.

In 1955, he was also involved in the creation of the Freedom Charter. It was a document advocating for South African non-racial social democracy.

The Rivonia Trial and Nelson Mandela’s Underground Activity

Following the 1960 massacre of unarmed black South Africans by police forces in Sharpeville, as well as the ANC’s ban, Nelson Mandela abandoned his nonviolent approach and began advocating for acts of sabotage against the South African regime.

He went underground and was a founding member of the ANC’s military wing, Umkhonto v Sizwe (“Spear of the Nation”).

He then went to Algeria for guerrilla warfare and sabotage training in 1962 and returned to South Africa later that year. On 5 August, soon after his return, he was arrested on a street in Natal and sentenced to five years in prison.

In the infamous Rivonia trial in October 1963, Mandela and several other men were charged with sabotage, treason and violent conspiracy. It was named after a trendy Johannesburg suburb where police raided and discovered a large amount of weapons and equipment at the underground Umkhonto v Sizwe headquarters.

He admitted the truth of some of the allegations in the doctor’s speech and it was used against him. It was an excellent defense of liberty and a stand against tyranny. His speech attracted international attention and was published as I’m Ready to Die later that year.

On June 12, 1964, he was sentenced to life imprisonment to avoid the death penalty.

Nelson Mandela: Imprisoned

From 1964 to 1982, he was imprisoned at Robben Island Prison off the coast of Cape Town. He was kept in the high-security Polsmoor Prison until 1988. After being treated for tuberculosis, he was transferred to the Victor Wurster prison near Paarl.

During his imprisonment, he received widespread support from the black population of South Africa, and his imprisonment became a cause among the international community, which condemned apartheid.

After 1983, the political situation in South Africa deteriorated, and especially after 1988, he engaged in exploratory talks by ministers in the government of President P.W. Botha. He met De Klerk, Botha’s successor, in December 1989.

On February 11, 1990, the South African government led by President de Klerk released Mandela from prison. Shortly after his release he was appointed vice-president of the ANC.

He was elected party president in July 1991. He led the ANC in negotiations with de Klerk for an end to apartheid and a peaceful transition for South Africa to a non-racial democracy.

Nelson Mandela’s Presidency

The ANC, led by Nelson Mandela, won South Africa’s first election by universal suffrage in April 1994, and he was sworn in as the president of the country’s first multiracial government on 10 May.

He established the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) in 1995 to investigate human rights violations committed during apartheid. He launched a number of initiatives to improve the living conditions of the country’s black population, including housing, education and economic development.

In 1996, he oversaw the adoption of a new democratic constitution. He resigned from his post in December 1997, handing over leadership of his party to his designated successor, Thabo Mbeki.

He and Madikizela-Mandela divorced in 1996. In 1998, he remarried to Graca Machel. She was the widow of former President of Mozambique and Freelimo leader Samora Machel.

Nelson Mandela retirement

He did not run for a second term as President of South Africa and was succeeded by Mbeki in 1999. He left active politics after leaving office.

Through the work of the Nelson Mandela Foundation, which he founded in 1999, he has maintained a strong international presence as an advocate for peace, reconciliation and social justice.

He was one of the founding members of the Elders. It is a group of international leaders established in 2007 to promote conflict resolution and problem resolution around the world.

Writings, Speeches and Autobiography of Nelson Mandela

I’m Ready to Die, No Easy Walk to Freedom, The Struggle is My Life, and In His Own Words are collections of his writings and speeches.

Long Walk to Freedom, his autobiography about his childhood and prison years, was published in 1994. In addition, an unfinished draft of his second memoir, Dare Not Linger: The Presidential Years, was published posthumously as Dare Not Linger: The Presidential Years. (2017).

He died on 5 December 2013 in Johannesburg, South Africa.

FAQs About On Nelson Mandela

When did Nelson Mandela become the President of South Africa?

The Nelson Mandela-led ANC won South Africa’s first election by Universal Suffrage in April 1994 and was sworn in as the president of the country’s first multiracial government on 10 May.

When is Nelson Mandela International Day celebrated?

This day is celebrated on the birthday of Nelson Mandela. It was created to honor his legacy by promoting community service around the world. For the first time, it was celebrated on 18 July 2009.

When was Nelson Mandela born?

Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 in the village of Mwezo, then Umtata, Cape Province, South Africa.

When did Nelson Mandela die?

He died on 5 December 2013 in Johannesburg, South Africa

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